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SUSTAINABLE NOSARA

YOUR GUIDE TO ALL THINGS SUSTAINABLE IN NOSARA

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CULTIVATING & NUTURING

SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPING

HABITAT CONNECTIVITY
Habitat Connectivity is key for wildlife. Plan your landscaping to help build a more connected and resilient environment. This comprehensive landscaping resource guide provides you with knowledge about landscaping quick tips; native plants; monkey bridges; insulating power lines; eco and living fences; permeable pavers; and green walls.
LANDSCAPING
QUICK TIPS
NOSARA 
NATIVE PLANTS
MONKEY 
BRIDGES
STOP THE 
SHOCKS
ECO-FRIENDLY
FENCES
LIVING 
FENCES
PERMEABLE 
PAVERS
GREEN 
WALLS
LANDSCAPING QUICK TIPS
PROVIDE HABITAT CONNECTIVITY & PROTECT WILDLIFE
Get your green thumb on and protect wildlife at the same time with these helpful tips when planning your landscaping.
  • Avoid cutting trees at all cost! They will reduce light pollution and runoff from your property, provide shade to cool the space and habitat for wildlife.
  • Build on less than 50% of your lot to allow runoff and wastewater to infiltrate the ground, preventing runoff and land erosion.

  • Plant a variety of native plants and trees. These require less water in the dry season and flowers will attract butterflies, hummingbirds and a great variety of biodiversity to your garden!

  • Insulate transformer & power lines adjacent to property, burying power lines underground is the best practice to protect wildlife. Don’t plant trees or bamboo under power lines and regularly trim back branches from power lines. 

  • Trim back tree branches touching the roof at least twice a year to avoid attracting termites.

  • Clean your gutters at least twice a year to remove leaves that might clog and cause rain to leak into your home.

  • Use a wire, mesh, or living fence around your property that allows wildlife to cross through and enables habitat connectivity. Don’t use razor wire as this can injure wildlife.

  • Install monkey bridges or maintain sufficient arboreal corridor for passage through property (i.e., canopy intact).

  • Use gravel or open grid concrete blocks for driveways and paths to allow water to filter through the surface.

  • Make sure there is no standing water on your property.

  • Use drip irrigation or install rain barrels to collect rainwater for watering in the dry season.

  • Go above & beyond, get a Green Building Certification!

DID YOU KNOW?

Some areas of Nosara have low ground permeability and flood frequently in the rainy season.
GARDENING QUICK TIPS
ECO-FRIENDLY PESTICIDES, FUNGICIDES, HERBICIDES & FERTILIZERS
Use natural, eco-friendly alternatives to pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fertilizers. 
  • Neem Oil and Diatomaceous Earth are natural pesticides.
  • Vinegar, baking soda, and borax are both natural fungicides to treat mold.

  • Compost/kitchen scraps, coffee grounds, and banana peels make great fertilizers.

ECO-FRIENDLY BUG CONTROL TIPS FOR GARDENS

The Tico Times article Eco-Friendly Bug Control Tips for Costa Rican Gardens by Ed Bernhardt discusses a couple of ways to create eco-friendly and non-toxic bug control during the dry season when starting your garden.

NATIVE PLANTS

PRO NAVITAS
GProNativas provides a robust database of native plant species in Costa Rica. ProNativas' mission is to educate people who make gardens, nurseries and those who work in landscaping about the importance, reproduction and use of native ornamental plants, to contribute to the conservation of the ecological wealth and beauty of the Costa Rican landscape.


ProNativas is a network of scientists, biologists, landscapers, and gardeners in Costa Rica concerned about the low diversity of native plants and excess of exotic plants in gardens. Some widely used exotic plants escape from gardens and invade woodland habitats and wild areas.


Below is a directory of native ornamental plants native to Nosara. When planning your landscaping and gardens, cultivate and nurture the beauty, diversity, and identity of native plants.

Above: Heliconia Latispatha photo by Rich Kostecke

NOSARA NATIVE PLANT SPECIES
PRONAVITAS NATIVE PLANTS DATABASE HIGHLIGHTS

1

ADIANTUM CONCINNUM
Photo by Vinayaraj

2

ADIANTUM PRINCEPS
Photo by SA

3

ALIBERTIA EDULIS
Photo by João Medeiros

4

APHELANDRA SCABRA
Photo by Jim Conrad

5

ARDISIA REVOLUTA

6

BROMELIA PINGUIN
Photo by SergioTorresC

7

CAESALPINIA EXOSTEMMA

8

CASEARIA CORYMBOSA

9

COCHLOSPERMUM VITIFOLIUM
Photo by Dick Culbert 

10

COMBRETUM FRUTICOSUM
Photo by Noel Leindekar 

11

CORNUTIA PYRAMIDATA
Photo by Omar Monsegur

12

GEOPHILA REPENS
Photo by Indiana Coronado

13

HAMELIA PATENS
Photo by ©2010 Jee & Rani Nature Photography

14

HELICONIA LATISPATHA
Photo by Justin Lebar

15

KOHLERIA TUBIFLORA
Photo by Rebecca Hill

16

LANTANA CAMARA
Photo by Alvesgaspar

17

LYGODIUM VENUSTUM
Photo by Kai Joaquin

18

MALVAVISCUS ARBOREUS
Photo by Forest & Kim Starr

19

PIPER MARGINATUM
Photo by Dick Culbert

20

PLUMERIA RUBRA
Photo by Marnel Scherrenberg

21

RAUVOLFIA TETRAPHYLLA
Photo by Yogabrata Chakraborty

22

STACHYTARPHETA FRANTZII
Photo by Bolívar R. Garcete-Barrett 

23

STENOCEREUS ARAGONII
Photo by David J. Stang 

24

XANTHOSOMA WENDLANDII
Photo by (c)dogtooth77

HABITAT CONNECTIVITY

 NURTURE POLLINATOR ECOSYSTEMS
BIRDS, BEES, BUTTERFLIES
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BUILD-A-BRIDGE
 A SIBU SANCTUARY PROGRAM
BUILDING BRIDGES TO PROTECT OUR PRIMATES
 Every week, howler monkeys in Nosara and surrounding communities are electrocuted on uninsulated power lines and transformers. As the area continues to develop at a rapid pace, trees are cut down to clear land for buildings and roads, and more uninsulated power lines and transformers are installed. 

Because the monkeys’ pathways through these trees are destroyed, their only alternative is to use the power lines or travel on the ground, where they are subject to dog attacks and get hit by cars in car accidents.

Concerned community members and Sibu Wildlife Sanctuary are working together to install monkey bridges in areas known to be a high risk for electrocutions. Even more bridges are needed to save the monkeys. Monkey bridges are a way to provide alternative, safe passage across roads and between habitat areas.

The Build-A-Bridge program was started as a labor of love by a local community member, and has grown over the past 2 years. Please donate to keep this important program growing. The average cost of material and installation for one bridge is $250. The bridges are assembled at the sanctuary by volunteers. For more information about the Build-A-Bridge program, contact NosaraMonkeyBridges@gmail.com.

Monkey bridge photos by Lisa Kraft Gould.

MONKEY BRIDGES:
CREATING HABITAT CONNECTIVITY
MONKEY BRIDGES ARE A SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION TO CURRENT THREATS TO MONKEYS & WILDLIFE
Listed below are the four main threats to monkeys & wildlife in our Nosara community. Building and installing monkey bridges create habitat connectivity and help monkeys and wildlife avoid injury and death.
HABITAT DESTRUCTION

Habitat destruction from development. Trees are cut down to clear land for buildings and roads without planning for wildlife habitat connectivity.

UNINSULATED POWER DISTRIBUTION

Monkeys and wildlife are electrocuted by

uninsulated power lines and transformers.

CAR ACCIDENTS

Monkeys and wildlife are hit by cars

on the road while on the ground.

DOG ATTTACKS

Monkeys and wildlife are attacked
by dogs while on the ground.

DONATE TO BUILD-A-BRIDGE

Build-A-Bridge is a Sibu Sanctuary program, Please donate to keep this important program growing. The average cost of material and installation for one bridge is $250. The bridges are assembled at the sanctuary by volunteers. For more information about the Build-A-Bridge program, contact NosaraMonkeyBridges@gmail.com.

STOP THE SHOCKS
PROTECT COSTA RICAN WILDLIFE
 Unfortunately, most of Costa Rica’s power distribution system consists of uninsulated power lines and transformers which cause deadly electrocutions of wildlife. International Animal Rescue Costa Rica has created the STOP THE SHOCKS program to aid in the prevention of wildlife electrocutions due to encroachment of power lines in wildlife habitats.
WHY ARE POWER LINES KILLING WILDLIFE?
In a country that prides itself on sustainable energy and eco-friendly practices, you might be surprised to learn that wildlife is electrocuted.
INEFFECTIVE WILDLIFE PROTECTION LAWS

There are laws in Costa Rica that should protect the environment, biodiversity, habitat, and wildlife, but they are either ineffective or not properly enforced.

UNINSULATED POWER DISTRIBUTION

Even with the danger to arboreal wildlife, new electrical cables and transformers are installed without protection.

HABITAT DESTRUCTION

With many areas of Costa Rica experiencing a surge in unregulated development, deforestation forces wildlife to use dangerous electrical cables to cross between fragmented habitat.

WILDLIFE INSTINCTS

Wild animals do not know the difference between safe, natural vines and dangerous power cables. They cannot sense the danger until it's too late.

International Animal Rescue Costa Rica's STOP THE SHOCKS program is dedicated to protecting wildlife from electrocutions. The following methods are required to prevent deadly electrocutions by combining:
TREE TRIMMING
In order to prevent wildlife from accessing the power lines, tree branches near electrical distribution must be cut.
ROPE BRIDGES
In areas of deforestation, rope bridges are installed to provide safe aerial pathways for arboreal wildlife to travel between habitats.
INSULATING POWER LINES & TRANSFORMERS
Installing insulated cables and wildlife protection covers for transformers prevents electrocutions.
PREVENTING ELECTROCUTIONS

HELP US STOP THE SHOCKS

Electrocutions can be stopped. With generous donations from the public, International Animal Rescue Costa Rica is able to target high-risk areas by purchasing wildlife protection equipment and rope bridges. Donate to STOP THE SHOCKS and sponsor insulating an electrocution hot spot near you, or if you are building include this into your budget. The cost of insulating a transformer is $1,000-3,000. Contact IAR Costa Rica.

ECO FENCES
ECO FENCES
 When building a new fence, it's important to use materials that are either sustainably sourced or recycled to reduce your environmental impact.
From traditional wood fences made from sustainable lumber to composite fences made from recycled materials, there are numerous options when building an eco-friendly fence. Eco-friendly fences include: bamboo fences; composite fences; living fences; stone fences; wood fences; and metal fences.
BAMBOO
Bamboo is a reliable eco-friendly fencing product. It is a renewable resource which is strong and durable. Bamboo is twice as strong as cedar. Bamboo is also resistant to termites, which cannot digest the silica found in bamboo. Bamboo fences cost less than traditional fencing materials.
COMPOSITE
Composite materials are made from recycled plastic and wood fiber. Composite materials do not require painting or staining like traditional fencing products. They are durable and easy to maintain. A composite fence materials provide a natural-looking barrier that is durable, insect-resistant, and weather-resistant. 
LIVING FENCES
Living fences are trees spaced close together and connected by wire. Living fences can also be natural hedges made from plants placed close together to grow into a connected, living wall. A living fence is a wonderful natural barrier that has a low environmental impact; filters air pollution; denotes property lines; and provides habitat connectivity.
STONE
Stone is a great natural material to use for a fence. Stone fences last a long time and require minimal maintenance. Stone is resistant to rot, decay, and insect damage.
WOOD
Wood is a renewable resource and material. Wood is one of the most eco-friendly materials for building fences. Wood can be reused or recycled, and is biodegradable and will not clutter landfills.
METAL
Metal is a solid eco-friendly choice when deciding what your fence material will be. Some metal fences are made from recycled materials, and are recyclable themselves. Metal is extremely durable and low-maintenance. Metal fence material includes: aluminum, steel, chain link, and wrought iron. Aluminum is a lightweight metal that is resistant to rust and corrosion, making it a good option for coastal areas. Steel is strong, durable, and low maintenance. Wrought iron is beautiful and long-lasting. Do not use razor wire or barb wire on metal fences. Make sure the metal fence is built so it does not harm wildlife.

LIVING FENCES

BAMBOO
FENCES
COMPOSITE
FENCES
LIVING
FENCES
STONE
FENCES
WOOD
FENCES
METAL
FENCES

AQUASTORM ECO OUTDOOR PAVERS

LIVING FENCES & HEDGES
NATURAL BARRIERS PROVIDING HABITAT CONNECTIVITY
 In Costa Rica long fences and trees have been combined into living fences. Living fences offer a strong, sustainable alternative to standard manufactured posts. A living fence or “live fence” is made of trees spaced evenly in a line to form a property border or barrier. The trees are planted close together and may have barbed wire woven between the trees. If the trees are allowed to grow freely they will provide shade for crops and animals. Depending on the type of tree used, it may also provide fruit. Large properties like farms use living fences, while small properties using living hedges as natural barriers to define property lines and create habitat connectivity.

LIVING FENCES ARTICLES
Costa Rican Gardens: Living Hedges, Fences Give A Pura Vida Look

Living Fences

Living Fence Posts in Costa Rica

LEARN MORE
LIVING
FENCE
LIVING
FENCE
LIVING
FENCE
LIVING
FENCE
HEDGES AS
NATURAL FENCES
HEDGES AS
NATURAL FENCES
HEDGES AS
NATURAL FENCES
HEDGES AS
NATURAL FENCES
AQUASTORM PERMEABLE PAVERS
AQUASTORM PERMEABLE PAVERS
 Aquastorm is an anti-flooding permeable driveway paver with through-the-roof infiltration rates. It is designed for a modern home that enjoys linear looks and green initiatives. Enjoy an eco-friendly driveway with Aquastrom and expand your pleasure to your backyard; this environmentally friendly hardscape product allows grass to grow between it, so you won’t have to compromise the beauty of concrete with Mother Nature. The integrated spacers allow easy installation by keeping the joint space between each paver consistent for super straight lines that allow water to trickle directly through. Aquastorm is part of the dry cast collection.

TURFSTONE™ ECO OUTDOOR PAVERS

TURFSTONE™ PERMEABLE PAVERS
TURFSTONE PERMEABLE PAVERS
 Exceptionally strong and uniquely attractive, Turfstone™ pavers work as driveways, walkways, parking spaces and other pedestrian areas. No matter how you plan to use concrete grid pavers, you’ll find that they deliver incredible benefits in both appearance and performance. A cost-effective alternative to laying down asphalt pavement, concrete Turfstone™ pavers serve to preserve a more natural, eco-friendly environment.

Permeable Pavers reduce runoff and improve the quality of water returning in to the environment. Stormwater seeps through the paving stone joints and is then directed into the ground or stored temporarily in the base/sub-base structure (open graded stone) rather than turning into runoff headed directly into the sewer system or flooded areas around residential homes and commercial development.

SKYFLOR® GREEN WALL FACADE SYSTEM
SKYFLOR GREEN WALL
BUILDING
SKYFLOR GREEN WALL
PLANT DETAIL
SKYFLOR GREEN WALL
PLANT DETAIL
SKYFLOR GREEN WALL
PLANT DETAIL

TROPICO VIVO GREEN WALLS

TROPICO VIVO VERTICAL GREEN WALLS
TROPICO VIVO VERTICAL GREEN WALLS
 Tropico Vivo specializes in landscape design and non-traditional green infrastructure. Tropico Vivo makes greenery grow throughout city areas, commercial spaces, and residential places creating eco spaces and sustainable landscaping. 
TROPICO VIVO
BUILDING FACADE
TROPICO VIVO
RESIDENTIAL
TROPICO VIVO
CORPORATE
TROPICO VIVO
BUSINESS
TROPICO VIVO
AIRPORT
TROPICO VIVO
BUSINESS
TROPICO VIVO
CORPORATE
TROPICO VIVO
RETAIL

JARDINES VERTICALES COSTA RICA

JARDINES VERTICALES COSTA RICA GREEN WALLS
JARDINES VERTICALES COSTA RICA GREEN WALLS
 Vertical Gardens Costa Rica, is dedicated to the design and installation of vertical eco systems and landscaping including urban gardens, green roofs.

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GREEN WALLS

SKYFLOR® - GREEN WALL FACADE SYSTEM
FROM CREABETON MATÉRIAUX
 SKYFLOR® Green Wall Facade System is the next generation of Green Wall Façade is made of Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete which in combination with a coral structure surface allows us to create a façade cladding plants can grow on. The extensive system can be pre-grown with seeds and requires minimal maintenance all year round, a truly natural green wall.
TURFSTONE PAVERS
WITH GRASS
TURFSTONE PAVERS
PARK AREA
TURFSTONE PAVERS
PATIO WITH GRASS
TURFSTONE PAVERS
DRIVEWAY
TURFSTONE PAVERS
DRIVEWAY
TURFSTONE PAVERS
PARKING LOT
TURFSTONE PAVERS
ISOMETIRC VIEW
TURFSTONE PAVERS
TOP VIEW
AQUASTORM PAVERS
TOP VIEW
AQUASTORM PAVERS
DRIVEWAY
AQUASTORM PAVERS
DRIVEWAY
AQUASTORM PAVERS
WALKWAY
JARDINES VERTICALES
GREEN SPACE
JARDINES VERTICALES
BUSINESS
JARDINES VERTICALES
PUBLIC SPACE
JARDINES VERTICALES
GREEN WALL
JARDINES VERTICALES
RETAIL
JARDINES VERTICALES
RESIDENTIAL
JARDINES VERTICALES
RESTAURANT
JARDINES VERTICALES
RESIDENTIAL

LUNIX® OUTDOOR PAVERS

ECO FENCES

LUNIX® PERMEABLE PAVERS
LUNIX PERMABLE PAVERS
 With the LUNIX®, the renowned design team at atelier oï has created a unique lawn paving stone, which stands out not only thanks to its functionality. This lawn paving stone, which is extraordinary in terms of both its shape and many different designs, features playful organic shapes and achieves a successful interaction between concrete and grass, a natural element. 

Also available are filling stones in the colours grey and porphyry which are ideal for the creation of paths and car parking areas. In addition, these filling stones allow you to create mosaic effects, therefore neatly rounding off the LUNIX® product range aesthetically and practically. The new LUNIX® lawn paving stone makes the maximum number of different layout designs possible.

LUNIX PAVERS
WITH GRASS
LUNIX PAVERS
PUBLIC AREA
LUNIX PAVERS
WITH GRASS
LUNIX PAVERS
DRIVEWAY
LUNIX PAVERS
FILLING STONES
LUNIX PAVERS
ISOMETRIC VIEW
LUNIX PAVERS
FILLING STONES
LUNIX PAVERS
ISOMETRIC VIEW

BUILD-A-BRIDGE

REPORT WILDLIFE INJURIES & ACCIDENTS

Reporting every wildlife accident is an essential part of protecting the animals of Costa Rica. With accurate information, we are able to prioritize dangerous locations and stop wildlife injuries and deaths. For Wildlife Emergencies call +506 8824 3323.

The data collected is submitted to the government to lobby for change in enforcement of the wildlife protection laws. 

IS THERE A SNAKE ON YOUR PROPERTY? 

For the safe relocation of snakes, bees, or other wildlife call: Bomberos de Nosara.
506.8709.0614

STOP THE SHOCKS

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